Aluminum Casting Construction Metal Parts Description:

Construction part:
1, accurate in reading drawings

item nameconstruction part
Material stainless steel, zinc, aluminum, casting, forged, brass, etc.
Material gradeGB, ASTM, AISI, DIN, BS, JIS
ProcessingMachining, casting, forging, welding, surface treatment
MOQ300 pieces
Supply ability90 tons per month
Related productsStainless steel casting, sand casting, die casting, valves, fittings, 
bronze & brass alloy, zinc alloy, bearings, gearings
IntroductionOur factory is located in Dongguan which is one of the biggest port city in China. We are experienced in producing all kinds
 of metal parts. You can get products good in quality and 
competitive in price from us. The win-win situation is our goal.
 Good relationships can always be kept between foreign 
customers and us. If you are interested in our products, don¡¯t 
hesitate to contact us.

2, experienced in manufacturing
3, fast in delivery
4, low price

Primary Competitive Advantages:

– Quick Response on Inquiry 

– Protective Packaging 

– Prompt Delivery 

Main Export Markets:

– Eastern Europe 

– North America 

– Mid-East/Africa 

– Asia 

– Western Europe 

Alloy Die Casting Description:

Aluminum Alloy Die Casting A380 is the most common of the aluminum die casting alloys. It offers the best combination of casting and product properties. It is used for a wide variety of products such as garden equipment, chassis for electronic equipment, engine brackets, housings for automotive alternators, starters and water pumps, home appliances, furniture, office equipment hand tools, and power tools. Alloys 383 and 384 are alternatives to 380 that are specified when very intricate components require improved die filling characteristics and improved resistance to hot cracking. Alloy 360 offers high corrosion resistance and superior strength at elevated temperatures than 380. Other properties are essentially equivalent. Alloy 413 offers the best die fill characteristics making it excellent for pressure tightness applications. it is the choice for products such as hydraulic cylinders and pressure vessels. Its casting characteristics make it useful for very intricate components.

aluminum die casting
aluminum die casting

Alloy 390 was developed for automotive engine blocks. Resistance to wear is excellent, but ductility is the lowest of the die casting alloys, with elongation less than 1%. Special surface treatment systems allow engine pistons to run directly on the alloy surface, eliminating the need for ferrous alloy liners. It can also be used for valve bodies and bearing surfaces subject to abrasion and wear.

Alloy 518 is used in escalator components, conveyor components, and marine and aircraft applications It offers good ductility and very good corrosion resistance. It can be polished and anodized for a decorative finish. Zinc Alloy Die Casting Zinc alloys are versatile, cost-effective materials which can be used in a diverse range of die casting applications. As precisely formulated metal alloys, they offer the mechanical properties of medium strength metals. Advantages of Zinc Alloy Die Casting Overall, zinc alloys have significant advantages as casting materials for small components, with excellent physical and mechanical properties, castability and finishing characteristics. Hot chamber die-cast zinc alloys can be cast to tight tolerances, complex detail, net shape, and the alloy¡¯s dimensional stability ensure part-to-part consistency over long production runs. Net shape manufacturing is one of the main advantages of hot chamber die-cast zinc alloys.

The most commonly used zinc alloys are ZAMAK™ 2, ZAMAK™ 3, ZAMAK™ 5, Acuzinc. These alloy families offer higher tensile strengths than most aluminum and magnesium alloys, higher yield strengths, greater impact resistance, higher Brinell hardness, and better ductility. ¡¡è Zinc alloys facilitate higher die casting cycle speeds versus aluminum and other metal alloys, more complex shapes, thinner sections, smoother surface finishes, surface finishes, and higher standards of dimensional accuracy. Compared to plastic, zinc alloys are several times stronger and many times more rigid. Their mechanical properties compare favorably with powdered iron, brass, and screw-machined steel. Zinc has inherent EMI/RFI shielding properties.

CNMCast uses only high-grade zinc alloys certified for purity. Although these materials are completely recyclable, scrap is never re-melted or re-used within our process. Zamak 3 die casting is the standard for the Zamak series of zinc alloys; all other zinc alloys are compared to this. Zamak 3 has the base composition for the Zamak alloys (96% zinc, 4% aluminum). It has excellent castability and long term dimensional stability. More than 70% of all North American zinc die castings are made from Zamak 3. ZAMAK #5 offers high tensile strength, hardness, and creep resistance than zamak# 3, and somewhat lower ductility.

It is preferred whenever these properties are required. Some die casters use only zamak# 5, which is usually an acceptable alternative to zamak# 3. ZAMAK #7 is essentially a high purity form of zamak# 3 with slightly higher ductility and lower hardness. The other mechanical properties are identical to zamak# 3.

The alloy also exhibits higher fluidity than zamak# 3 or3 5, which theoretically allows slightly thinner walls. Zamak# 7 may be specified when high ductility is required. ZA-8 is rapidly growing in popularity for pressure die casting.

ZA-8 can be cast in hot chamber die casting machines for fast cycle rates, It has improved strength, hardness and creeps properties over the ZAMAK alloys with the exception of a No. 2 alloy which is very similar in performance. ZA-8 is readily plated and finished using standard procedures for ZAMAK. When the performance of Zamak No. 3 or No. 5 is in question, ZA-8 is often the die casting choice because of high strength and creep properties and efficient hot chamber castability.

Zamak 5 die casting
Zamak 5 die casting

ZA-12 is also a good pressure die casting alloy, using the cold chamber process, which provides a sounder structure than ZA-27, as well as higher die-cast elongation and impact properties. For these reasons, die-cast ZA-12 often competes with ZA-27 for strength application. An excellent bearing alloy, ZA-12 is also platable, although plating adhesion is reduced compared to the ZAMAK alloys. ZA-27 is the high strength performer of the zinc alloys and is die-cast using the cold chamber process.

It is also the lightest alloy and offers excellent bearing and wear resistance properties. ZA-27, however, requires care during melting and casting to assure sound internal structure, particularly for heavy wall sections. It may also need stabilization heat treatment when tight dimensional tolerances are required. ZA-27 is not recommended for plating. However, when brute strength or wear-resistant properties are needed, ZA-27 has demonstrated extraordinary performance.

AQL Acceptable Quality Level. A quality level established on a prearranged system of inspection using samples selected at random.

As-cast condition Casting without subsequent heat treatment.

Backing sand The bulk of the sand in the flask. The sand compacted on top of the facing sand that covers the pattern.

Binder The bonding agent used as an additive to mold or core sand to impart strength or plasticity in a “green” or dry state. Read more

The different grades of malleable iron are essentially the result of different heat treatments. Just as a medium carbon steel can be heat treated to a wide range in properties so can malleable iron, but malleable is even more versatile. The combined carbon content, on which heat treatment depends, can be adjusted from none, as when the microstructure is entirely ferritic, to that of a fully pearlitic structure. Read more

For the purpose of this article, carbon steels are considered to be those steels in which carbon is the principal alloying element. Other elements that are present and that, in general, are required to be reported are manganese, silicon, phosphorous and sulfur. In a sense, all of these elements are residuals from the raw materials used in the manufacture of the steel, although the addition of manganese is often made during the steel making process to counter the deleterious effect of sulfur and silicon is added to aid in deoxidation. Read more

A Primer on Selecting Cast Copper Alloys

Traditionally, cast copper alloys were classified by a variety of systems including the ASTM letter-number designation based on nominal composition, by trade names, and by descriptive terms such as “ounce metal,” “Navy M” and so forth. However, with technological developments, new alloys were produced and existing alloys modified, making the old designation systems inadequate and misleading.

A new system was developed based on a precise description of the composition range for each alloy, which is now the accepted alloy designation system used in North America for cast copper and copper alloy products. Originally developed as a three digit system by the copper and brass industry, the designations have now been expanded to five digits that follow a prefix letter “C,” and have been made part of the Unified Numbering System (UNS) for Metals and Alloys. The UNS is managed jointly by the American Society for Testing and Materials, and the Society of Automotive Engineers. Read more

A Basic Guide to Choosing Aluminum Casting Alloys Part 2

Alloys 319.0, A319.0, B319.0 & 320.0
Alloys 319.0 and A319.0 exhibit very good castability, weldability, pressure tightness and moderate strength. They are very stable alloys (i.e., their good casting and mechanical properties are not affected seriously by fluctuations in the impurity content). Alloys B319.0 and 320.0 show higher strength and hardness than 319.0 and A319.0 and are generally used with the permanent mold casting process. Characteristics other than strength and hardness are similar to those of 319.0 and A319.0. Read more

    Compacted graphite iron is a fairly recent addition to the family of commercially produced aluminum casting irons. Its characteristics are intermediate to those of the gray and ductile irons. As in gray iron, the graphite in CG iron is in the form of interconnected flakes. This facilitates the production of sound castings, especially those of complex shape or with intricately cored passages. However, the relatively short span and blunted edges of CG graphite provides improved strength, some ductility, and a better machined finish than gray iron. Read more

Ductile iron is characterized by having all of its graphite occur in microscopic spheroids. Although this graphite constitutes about 10% by volume of ductile iron, its compact spherical shape minimizes the effect on mechanical properties. The graphite in commercially produced ductile iron is not always in perfect spheres. It can occur in a somewhat irregular form, but if it is still chunky as Type II in ASTM Standard A247, the properties of the iron will be similar to cast iron with spheroidal graphite. Of course, further degradation can influence mechanical properties. The shape of the graphite is established when the metal solidifies, and it cannot be changed in any way except by remelting the metal.  Read more

  Microscopically, all gray irons contain flake graphite dispersed in a silicon-iron matrix. How much graphite is present, the length of the flakes and how they are distributed in the matrix directly influence the properties of the iron.

The basic strength and hardness of the iron is provided by the metallic matrix in which the graphite occurs. The properties of the metallic matrix can range from those of a soft, low carbon steel to those of hardened, high carbon steel. The matrix can be entirely ferrite for maximum machinability but the iron will have reduced wear resistance and strength. An entirely pearlitic matrix is characteristic of high strength gray irons, and many castings are produced with a matrix microstructure of both ferrite and pearlite to obtain intermediate hardness and strength. Alloy additions and/or heat treatment can be used to produce gray iron with very fine pearlite or with an acicular matrix structure. Read more