There is much controversy argument on FFP1 FFP2 FFP3 face marks. First, FFP face marks are tools whose purpose is to prevent the spread of disease within the community. It can be either through isolation, laser, medical, procedure, dental or surgical masks use. Face masks are designed in a way to protect and cover the nose and mouth, with ear loops or ties at the back of the head. There are different types and colours of face masks. It’s advisable to make use of any approved face marks by the health organization.

Even though all the precaution and procedure given by health organization, staying of two meters apart from each other, sneezing and coughing move up to six meters far away. Thou coughing and sneezing produce a muzzle velocity of about 50 meters/second when sneezing and 10 meters/second for coughing—making the two meters’ distance useless. Else, there is any another protection measure like face marks.

Using a respiratory facemask is protecting from all diseases, oily aerosols, smoke and fine dust much better than ordinary face marks or surgical marks. The Europe comprehensive 149 standard verifies FFP1, FFP2 AND FFP3, thus helping to prevent and protecting from all avian flu, SRAS, tuberculosis, also from infection respiratory bacteria.

Also from the experiment, the FFP2 face mask filters 94% while FFP3 filters 99% particles, the more particles to me filter the more the material layers, which makes the masks standard protection against all disease and making breathing resistance higher.

The respirator face masks protect from aqueous and oily aerosols, smoke and fine dust, with a high standard adequate protection against airborne infectious viruses such as COVID_19 and all other related infections. However, the FFP2 AND FFP3 mask respirator help prevent germs from entering the body through the mucous membranes of the mouth and nostrils.

N95 respirator masks are better using a surgical mask which does not filter out both the small and larger particles when the wearer inhales. Using a respirator masks helps to prevent all particles and block 95% of all small particles, coming through the mouth and nose, keeping the wearer safe from all kinds of infections. Also, it gives more convenient access to breathe through the masks, while filtering the air coming in too.

Doing the period of outbreaks of COVID_19 like this N95 masks is useful for all health workers to protect themselves against all kinds of infection. Also, N95 cover is a disposable mask which should be worn just once. It can be wear to the workplace to keep safe doing a pandemic of COVID 19. Is useful and help keep the breathing in hazardous contaminants in the air. Suitable for workers in the food and agriculture sector.

Rapid prototyping manufacturing

Rapid prototyping manufacturing is a process that employs additive fabrication technology ( rapid prototyping) to produce end-use items. Directly from CAD data, components are manufactured without molding, casting, or machining. The impact of rapid manufacturing is far-reaching, and the opportunities and advantages are extensive. This is why rapid manufacturing is heralded as the next industrial revolution.

Since the earliest days of rapid prototyping, experts have envisioned the application of the technology in the manufacturing process, and the focus of this vision has been on the initial cost and time savings that are realized when tooling is eliminated. Slashing hundreds of thousands of dollars and months from a product launch are significant benefits to manufacturers in all industries. However, the relative impact pales in comparison to the wide-ranging advantages that exist when rapid manufacturing is implemented.

Focusing only on the upfront benefits gained from eliminating tooling, the industry has failed to recognize many of the opportunities that rapid manufacturing offers. Some will yield unprecedented efficiencies; some will generate annual savings that far exceed the cost of a tool, and others will facilitate new methodologies that address age-old constraints imposed by conventional practices. Rapid manufacturing will benefit nearly every discipline within a manufacturing organization, and it will change fundamental business processes. When adopted en masse, it truly will be an industrial revolution.

Status quo

For the production of moderate- to high-volume quantities of metal or plastic parts, molding and casting are the prevalent processes. However, the tooling that is required demands a sizeable investment and a significant commitment to the product and its design.

Rapid manufacturing is an enabling technology since it eliminates the upfront expense and expedites manufacturing. For example, injection molds for small-to moderate-sized parts will often cost $20,000 to $75,000 and take upward of three months to complete. This investment of time and money is both a barrier to new products, especially for those with low forecasted demand and a drain on the cash flow and profitability of a company. Obviously, since it eliminates the need for tooling, rapid manufacturing facilitates new product launches and improves the corporate bottom line. For many, this is enough justification to pursue rapid manufacturing, but bigger gains are derived from the freedom to change a product’s design.

The rapid cycle times of tooling facilitate the inexpensive manufacturing of thousands, often millions, of parts. When amortized over large part quantities, the cost of tooling becomes reasonable and, oftentimes, almost insignificant. However, this presumes that tool will be operated for long periods of time; therefore, the tooling becomes a liability. With the prospect of additional costs and delays, product modifications are undesirable. Investing $5,000 to $20,000 for tooling rework, or $20,000 to $75,000 for replacement, is an unwelcome expense. Also, the losses grow since sales revenues are nonexistent while waiting for tool repair. Wherever possible, the ideal situation is to produce a perfect tool and keep that tool running for the life of the product. With this aim, the release of a work order for a production tool becomes a major commitment.

Sometimes use the proto mold is good option for some low production project as well, this will let you save some mold cost but have the perfect quality molding parts, a specially good idea for low volume production parts

However, commitment is not reasonable. Product life cycles are shorter, consumer demand is more fickle, and the odds of the redesign are high. In effect, the commitment becomes justified only when perfection is achieved. Without the perfect product, perfect design, and perfect mold, the investment in tooling becomes a constraint and an undesirable commitment. In many cases, when faced with a less-than-ideal scenario, companies will opt to continue manufacturing the product without change. The cost and time of retooling outweigh the advantages of the redesign.

The fundamental problem with tooling is that perfection is elusive, and striving for perfection is costly. It is unlikely that an organization is capable of perfection in every part, every assembly, and every product that it makes. Oversight, error, assumptions, and a whole host of unquantifiable variables can occur. Additionally, product demand may be overstated, and customer requirements may be misinterpreted.

Tools such as rapid prototyping help companies to uncover flaws, errors, and imperfections before releasing a production mold. And yet, problems still arise, only to be discovered when the first articles are molded. In many cases, the problems are minor and can be ignored. In others, the flaws are significant, but the repair is not an option because of cost and delays.

Tooling is a commitment. The moment the order is released for tooling, the design becomes frozen. There is little latitude for change and alteration. The options are limited to reworking, retooling, or building a stockpile of imperfect molded parts. Tooling is a constraint to making better products with better sales results.

Stamping metal parts

Metal stamping is a process of converting flat metal into specific shapes. The applications of the metal stamping process are of wide range. It produces not only simple and small stamping items like weights, metal clips, washers, brackets, and springs but also complex stamping designs e.g. designs of friction plates and engine bases. The metals used in the sampling include copper, steel, aluminum, and expensive metals e.g. gold and platinum. Stamping metal parts are used in different industries ranging from home appliances and electronics to aerospace.

The use of stamping metal parts in some industries is briefly discussed here:

Automotive industry

The automotive industry is a major market for metal stamping parts. In this industry, metal stamping parts are used in passenger vehicles and industrial equipment. In the vehicle, the purpose of using metal stamping parts is cost-saving and maintenance of safety standards.

Aerospace industry

In the aerospace industry, metal stamping parts help in the construction of ultralight planes that save fuel.

Solar industry

The solar industry uses metal stamping to provide power to deprived areas.

Agriculture sector

In the agriculture sector, farmers reduce their costs of repair and maintenance of automated processing equipment by using metal stamping parts.

It shows that all the businesses that use electronics in their operations are directly or indirectly relying on the stamping metal parts.

Applications of stamping metal parts

Here are a few examples of stamping metal parts:

Vacuum cleaner wear plate

A vacuum cleaner wear plate is a powerhead part and used in vacuum cleaner. It is composed of 304 annealed stainless steel.   

Retail price tag clip

The retail price tag clip is a stamping metal part which is used for the pop clip and pop display. It is manufactured with 302 stainless steel.

Stairs base bracket

It is a stamping metal part made of Galvanized steel. It is employed in construction and wood connector industry.

Window treatment bracket

The material used in the preparation of Window treatment bracket is 16 Gauge Hot rolled pickled and oiled  (HRPO) and it is used in hanger bracket and window treatment.

Data bus connector

A stamping metal part made by Brass – Tin plated steel. It is used in class 8 trucks and transportation.

Projection washer

Projection washer is stamping metal part which is produced by the process of Automotive weld washer. The material used in its preparation is HRPO. It has its applications in automotive and seating component industry. 

Light bulb bezel

A stamping metal part made of Aluminum. It has its applications in the lighting industry as a light bulb component.

Clamp plate

The clamp plate is a metal stamping part composed of galvanized cold-rolled steel. It belongs to the bracket industry.


Stamping metal parts are used in almost every industry such as medical, computer, electronics and so on. Some applications are discussed briefly. Besides these, there are many other applications. The metals employed in these parts are lightweight, therefore, they reduce the weight of the machinery and sometimes cost as well.

Custom Plastic Injection Molding Toys

Plastics are fundamental mixes in our everyday life. PC frill, plastic injection molding toys, kitchen utensils, and numerous other family unit things which we utilize each day have experienced the trim procedures. The trim procedure isn’t hard to comprehend. In basic terms, it includes moving fluid plastic into shape at that point enabling it to cool and frame the necessary item.

For example, plastic resin can be utilized to make injection molding toys. At the point when this is done, liquid fluid plastic is embedded in a form that is molded like a toy and afterward permitted to cool. A similar procedure can be utilized to make different sorts of shaped items, for example, promoting things and signage.

Being an exceptionally specialized procedure, plastic trim ought to be finished by a solid producer. While picking somebody to plan your plastic shaped items, here are a few variables to consider.

Kinds of trim procedures utilized

There are a few kinds of trim procedures utilized when working with plastic items. Infusion shaping is among the most widely recognized procedures and it is ordinarily utilized in large scale manufacturing of plastic things like cell phone extras and toys. Pressure forming is another mainstream procedure for creating shaped items. Dissimilar to infusion forming, it utilizes vertical presses. There’s likewise rotational embellishment and basic froth forming which have gotten famous throughout the years.


The area of your custom maker is significant on the grounds that it will assist you with saving on plenty of expenses. Much of the time, you should move the formed parts to the get-together and bundling to be finished. On the off chance that you pick a maker who is arranged outside your limits, you’ll need to pay a lot of transportation costs. There is additionally the burden and lead time increment of picking a producer who isn’t promptly accessible in your general vicinity. Having your formed parts made near your industry can truly diminish cost and time.

Plastic injection molding toys
Plastic injection molding toys

Think about how much time it takes to get the formed items

Various organizations will show differing pivot time and you have to consider this data while picking your maker. The additional time it will take for the formed parts to be prepared the more cost and time it takes to get the last item. In the event that you will depend on the formed items to make your last item then it is significant that you pick a maker who can convey inside the necessary courses of events.

Approach them to give you courses of events for the various procedures engaged with embellishment including structure, prototyping, changes, and creation. For the shaped parts to be finished on schedule, the structure ought to be finished inside the stipulated period with the goal that models can be made and any necessary changes are done before the items are sent to the client.

What alternatives to transportation and conveyance do they offer?

You have to decide the sort of delivery and convey choices offered by the maker for the shaped plastic parts or injection molding toys. When they are prepared, you need to guarantee that they get to you at the earliest opportunity in order to proceed with creation. Dependable trim organizations will have set up an assortment of delivery choices so you can pick the one that is generally perfect for your item. Some of them have an armada of trucks that offer conveyance to clients inside their territory. In the event that you can locate a custom producer of shaped parts who offers fabricating together with gathering, bundling and dispatching then you’ll have the option to eliminate expenses and increment lead time. Take as much time as is needed when looking for an appropriate producer and pose every one of the inquiries with respect to their administrations before you join.

Being an exceptionally specialized procedure, plastic trim ought to be finished by a dependable maker.